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史蒂夫 乔布斯(Steve Jobs)在 Stanford 2005年结业典礼上的讲演 站长文摘目录

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下面有中英文讲演稿全文,看中文翻译全文请点这儿

他告知咱们,人的时刻有限,不要把名贵的时刻糟蹋在重复其他人的日子上,人活着便是要找到你实在所爱的东西,让每天都精彩绝伦,人活着便是要改动国际!

他改动了国际。

This is the text of the Commencement address by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, delivered on June 12, 2005.

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much

http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html 

翻译:

史蒂夫 乔布斯(Steve Jobs)在斯坦福大学2005年结业典礼上的讲演

我今日很荣幸能和你们一同参与结业典礼,斯坦福大学是国际上最好的大学之一。我历来没有从大学中结业,说实话,今日也许是我有生以来离大学结业典礼最近的一天了。今日我想向你们叙述我日子中的三个故事。不是什么大不了的,仅仅三个故事罢了。
  
  第一个故事是关于怎么串起生射中的点点滴滴。
  
  我在Reed大学读了六个月之后就退学了,但之后作为旁听生又混了十八个月今后才实在脱离。我为什么要退学呢?
  
  故事从我出世的时分讲起。我的亲生母亲是一个年青的、没有成婚的大学结业生。她决议让他人收养我, 但她觉得我必定要被大学结业生收养。所以她组织好了我出世时将被一个律师和他的妻子所收养。可是她没有料到,当我出世之后, 律师配偶忽然决议他们想要一个女孩。所以我的生养爸爸妈妈(他们在待选名单上)忽然在深夜接到了一个电话:"咱们现在这儿有一个不小心生出来的男婴,你们想要他吗?"他们回答道: "当然!"可是我亲生母亲随后发现,我的养母历来没有上过大学,我的养父 乃至从没有读过高中。她回绝签署收养合同。仅仅在几个月今后,我的爸爸妈妈容许她必定要让我上大学,那个时分她才软化赞同。
  
  在十七岁那年,我真的上了大学。可是我很愚笨的挑选了一个简直和你们斯坦福大学相同贵的校园, 我爸爸妈妈是蓝领阶层,他们简直把全部积储都花在了我的膏火上面。在六个月后, 我现已看不到其间的价值地点。我不知道我实在想要做什么,我也不知道大学能怎样协助我找到答案。可是在这儿,我简直花光了我爸爸妈妈这一辈子的 悉数积储。所以我决议要退学,我觉得这是个正确的决议。不能否定,我其时的确非常的惧怕, 可是现在回头看看,那的确是我这一生中最棒的一个决议。在我做出退学决议的那一刻, 我总算能够不必去读那些令我提不起一点点爱好的课,并能够开端去修那些看起来有点意思的课程。

可是这并不是那么罗曼蒂克。我失掉了我的宿舍,所以我只能在朋友房间的地板上睡觉,我去捡能够换5美分的可乐罐,仅仅为了填饱肚子, 在星期天的晚上,我需求走七英里的旅程,穿过城市到Hare Krishna神庙,仅仅为了能吃上好饭——这个星期仅有一顿好一点的饭,我喜爱那里的饭菜。
 
  我跟着我的直觉和好奇心走, 遇到的许多东西,尔后被证明是价值连城。让我给你们举一个比如吧:
  
  Reed大学在那时供给也许是全美最好的美术字课程。在这个大学里边的每个海报, 每个抽屉的标签上面全都是美丽的美术字。由于我退学了, 不必去上正规的课程, 所以我决议去参与这个课程,去学学怎样写出美丽的美术字。我学到了san serif 和serif字体, 我学会了怎么样在不同的字母组合之中改动空白距离, 还有怎么样才干作出最棒的印刷款式。那种夸姣、历史感和艺术精妙,是科学永久不能捕捉到的, 我发现那实在是太诱人了。
  
  其时看起来这些东西在我的生射中如同都没有什么实践使用的或许。可是十年之后,当咱们在规划第一台Macintosh电脑的时分,就不是那样了。我把其时我学的那些东西全都规划进了Mac。那是第一台使用了美丽的印刷字体的电脑。假如我其时没有退学, 就不会有机会去参与这个我感爱好的美术字课程, Mac就不会有这么多丰厚的字体以及赏心悦意图字体距离。由于Windows仅仅抄袭了Mac,所以现在个人电脑就不会有现在这么美好的字型了。
  
  当然我在大学的时分,还不或许把早年的点点滴滴串连起来,可是当我十年后回忆这全部的时分,真的恍然大悟了。

  再次阐明的是,你在向未来展望的时分不或许将这些片断串连起来,你只能在回忆的时分串起他们。所以你有必要信任这些片断会在你未来的某一天串连起来,你有必要要信任某些东西:你的勇气、意图、生命、缘由......这个进程历来没有令我绝望,仅仅让我的生命愈加地异乎寻常。
  
  我的第二个故事是关于爱和失掉。
  
  我非常走运, 由于我在很早的时分就找到了我宠爱的东西。Woz和我在二十岁的时分就在爸爸妈妈的车库里边创始了苹果公司。咱们作业得很尽力, 十年之后, 这个公司从那两个车库中的穷小子开展到了超越四千名的雇员、价值超越二十亿的大公司。在公司建立的第九年,咱们刚刚发布了最好的产品,那便是Macintosh。我也快要到三十岁了。在那一年, 我被炒了鱿鱼。你怎么或许被你自己创建的公司炒了鱿鱼呢? 嗯,在苹果快速生长的时分,咱们雇用了一个很有天资的家伙和我一同办理这个公司, 在开端的几年,公司作业的很好。可是后来咱们对未来的观念发作了不合, 终究咱们吵了起来。当争持得不行开交的时分, 董事会站在了他的那一边。所以在三十岁的时分, 我被炒了。在这么多人目光下我被炒了。在而立之年,我生命的悉数支柱离自己远去, 这真是毁灭性的冲击。
  
  在开端的几个月里,我真是不知道该做些什么。我觉得我令上一代的创业家们很绝望,我把他们交给我的接力棒弄丢了。我和兴办惠普的David Pack、兴办Intel的Bob Noyce碰头,并企图向他们抱愧。我把作业弄得糟糕透顶了。可是我逐步发现了曙光, 我依然酷爱我从事的这些东西。苹果公司发作的这些作业一点点的没有改动这些, 一点也没有。我被驱赶了,可是我依然宠爱我所做的作业。所以我决议从头再来。
  
  我其时没有察觉, 可是过后证明, 从苹果公司被炒是我这辈子发作的最棒的作业。由于,作为一个成功者的负重感被作为一个创业者的轻松感觉所从头替代, 没有比这更确认的作业了。这让我觉得如此自在, 进入了我生射中最有创造力的一个阶段。

  在接下来的五年里, 我创建了一个名叫NeXT的公司, 还有一个叫Pixar的公司, 然后和一个后来成为我妻子的高雅女性相识。Pixar 制造了国际上第一个电脑动画电影——"玩具总动员",Pixar现在也是国际上最成功的电脑制造作业室。在后来的一系列运作中,Apple收买了NeXT, 然后我又回到了Apple公司。咱们在NeXT开展的技能在Apple的今日的复兴之中发挥了要害的效果。并且,我还和Laurence 一同建立了一个美好完美的家庭。
  
  我能够非常必定,假如我不被Apple开除的话, 这其间一件作业也不会发作的。这个良药的滋味实在是很苦,可是我想患者需求这个药。有些时分, 日子会拿起一块砖头向你的脑袋上猛拍一下,不要失掉崇奉。我很清楚仅有使我一向走下去的,便是我做的作业令我无比宠爱。你需求去找到你所爱的东西。关于作业是如此, 关于你的爱人也是如此。你的作业将会占有日子中很大的一部分。你只需信任自己所做的是巨大的作业, 你才干怡然自得。假如你现在还没有找到, 那么持续找、不要停下来,只需一心一意的去找, 在你找到的时分,你的心会告知你的。就像任何真挚的联系, 跟着年月的消逝只会越来越严密。所以持续找,直到你找到它,不要停下来!
  
  我的第三个故事是关于逝世的。
  
  当我十七岁的时分, 我读到了一句话:"假如你把每一天都当作生射中最终一天去日子的话,那么有一天你会发现你是正确的。"这句话给我留下了一个形象。从那时开端,过了33 年,我在每天早晨都会对着镜子问自己:"假如今日是我生射中的最终一天, 你会不会完结你今日想做的作业呢?"当答案接连多天是"No"的时分, 我知道自己需求改动某些作业了。
  
  "记住你行将死去"是我一生中遇到的最重要告诫。它帮我指明晰生射中重要的挑选。由于简直全部的作业, 包含全部的荣誉、全部的自豪、全部对尴尬和失利的惊骇,这些在逝世面前都会微乎其微。我看到的是留下的实在重要的东西。你有时分会考虑你将会失掉某些东西, "记住你行将死去"是我知道的防止这些主意的最好方法。假如你清空全部, 你没有理由不去跟从自己心里的声响。
  
  大约一年曾经, 我被确诊出癌症。我在早晨七点半做了一个查看, 查看清楚的显现在我的胰腺有一个肿瘤。我其时都不知道胰腺是什么东西。医师告知我那很或许是一种无法治好的癌症, 我至多还能活三到六个月的时刻。我的医师叫我回家, 然后整理好我的全部, 那是医师对临终患者的规范程序。那意味着你将要把未来十年对你小孩说的话在几个月里边说完.;那意味着把每件作业都组织好, 让你的家人会尽或许轻松的日子;那意味着你要说"再见了"。
  
  我拿着那个确诊书过了一整天,那天晚上我作了一个活切片查看,医师将一个内窥镜从我的嗓子伸进去,经过我的胃, 然后进入我的肠子, 用一根针在我的胰腺上的肿瘤上取了几个细胞。我其时是被麻醉的,可是我的妻子在那里, 后来她告知我,当医师在显微镜下调查这些细胞的时分他们开端尖叫, 由于这些细胞最终竟然是一种非常稀有的能够用手术治好的胰腺癌症细胞。我做了这个手术, 现在我康复了。
  
  那是我最接近逝世的时分, 我期望这也是今后的几十年最接近的一次。从逝世线上又活了过来,相关于曾经只把逝世只当成一 种幻想中的概念,我现在能够更必定一点地对你们说:

  没有人乐意死, 即便人们想上天堂, 也不会为了去那里而死。可是逝世是咱们每个人一同的结尾。历来没有人能够逃脱它。也应该如此。由于逝世便是生射中最好的一个创造。它将旧的铲除以便给新的让路。你们现在是新的, 可是从现在开端不久今后, 你们将会逐步的变成旧的然后被送离人生舞台。我很抱愧这很戏剧性, 可是这非常的实在。
  
  你们的时刻很有限, 所以不要将他们糟蹋在重复其他人的日子上。不要被教条捆绑,那意味着你和其他人考虑的成果一同日子。不要被其他人喧嚣的观念掩盖你实在的心里的声响。还有最重要的是, 你要有勇气去遵从你直觉和心灵的指示——它们在某种程度上知道你想要成为什么姿态,全部其他的作业都是非必须的。
  
  当我年青的时分, 有一本叫做"整个地球的目录"振聋发聩的杂志,它是咱们那一代人的圣经之一。它是一个叫Stewart Brand的家伙在离这儿不远的Menlo Park修改的, 他象诗一般奇特地将这本书带到了这个国际。那是六十年代后期, 在个人电脑呈现之前, 所以这本书悉数是用打字机,、剪刀还有拍立得照相机修改的。有点像用软皮包装的google, 在google呈现三十五年之前:这是理想主义的,其间有许多灵活的东西和巨大的主意。

Stewart和他的同伴出书了几期的"整个地球的目录",当它完结了自己任务的时分, 他们做出了最终一期的目录。那是在七十年代的中期, 我正是你们的年岁。在最终一期的封底上是清晨村庄公路的相片(假如你有满足冒险精力的话,你就能够自己找到这条路。),在相片之下有这样一段话:"求知若饥,谦虚若愚。"这是他们的离别语。"求知若饥,谦虚若愚。"我总是期望自己能够那样,现在, 在你们行将结业,开端新的旅程的时分, 我也期望你们能这样:
  
  求知若饥,谦虚若愚。
  
  非常感谢你们
  
以上为史蒂夫.乔布斯在斯坦福大学2005年结业典礼上的讲演

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